Shraga Milstein was born in 1933 in the Polish town of Piotrków Trybunalski. Shortly after the German forces invaded Poland on September 1, 1939, the first ghetto on Polish territory was established in Milstein's home town on October 8. In 1944, Milstein's mother was taken to Ravensbrück concentration camp, while Shraga, his father and his younger brother were deported to Buchenwald concentration camp. Milstein's father was shot there a few weeks after his arrival. When Buchenwald concentration camp was evacuated, Milstein was deported to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in January 1945. Milstein and his mother were liberated in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp on 15 April 1945. After the liberation Milstein managed to find his brother and bring him to Bergen-Belsen. His mother died on 28 May 1945 as a result of her imprisonment. After the end of the war, Milstein and his brother came to Sweden before they emigrated to Israel in 1948 with the help of the Swedish Red Cross. He studied, worked as an educator and teacher, was elected chairman of the municipal council of Kfar Shmaryahu near Tel Aviv, and was finally appointed director of the Massuah Institute for Holocaust Studies. As a concentration camp survivor, Shraga Milstein is still involved in remembrance work today, is chairman of the Israeli Association of Bergen-Belsen Survivors and, since 2019, chairman of the advisory board of the Lower Saxony Memorials Foundation.