Armand Roux was born on 1 February 1886 in Thouarcé (France). After studying medicine in Paris, he moved to Angers and married Madeleine Guitton in 1910. They had a son together. After World War I, he moved with his family to Latillé. He was elected mayor there in 1929. His wife died in 1938.
In 1940, after Germany occupied France, Armand Roux joined the Résistance. As mayor, he refused to publish German announcements. He also helped refugees and hid weapons dropped by the Allies. He was arrested by the Gestapo on 19 February 1944 and deported to Auschwitz in April. The SS transferred him to Buchenwald in May and to the Holzen satellite camp in September. In Holzen, the SS forced him to work as a prisoner doctor. He kept a diary there in the autumn of 1944, which was rediscovered along with drawings by his fellow prisoner Camille Delétang in 2012. When the camp was evacuated, the SS transported Armand Roux to Bergen-Belsen, where British troops liberated him on 15 April 1945. He returned to his family in Latillé and worked as a doctor and mayor again. In 1945, he was one of the co-founders of the French survivors’ association known as the Amicale de Bergen-Belsen. In 1949 he wrote about his deportation experiences for his family under the title of Sous le Signe du Zèbre (Under the Sign of the Zebra). Armand Roux died in 1960 in Latillé.