Anne Frank

Anne Frank was born to Jewish parents in Frankfurt am Main on 12 June 1929. When Germany began to persecute Jews in 1933, the Frank family moved to Amsterdam. After the Wehrmacht occupied the Netherlands in May 1940, Jews began to be persecuted there, too.

From May 1942, Otto, Edith, Margot and Anne Frank – like all Jews above the age of six in the Netherlands – had to wear the yellow star. Anne Frank started her diary on 12 June 1942. From 6 July 1942, the family hid from their persecutors in the annex at Prinsengracht 263. Later on, the van Pels family and Fritz Pfeffer also went into hiding there.

“I keep trying to find a way to become what I’d like to be and what I could be,” Anne Frank wrote on 1 August 1944 in her last diary entry. Three days later, the police arrested Anne, her sister Margot and the other people in hiding. After more than two years in hiding, they had been betrayed. The whole group was taken to the Westerbork transit camp. On 3 September 1944, they were deported on the last transport from the Netherlands to the Auschwitz extermination camp. Upon arrival, more than half of the prisoners were immediately murdered in the gas chambers.

Anne Frank, her mother and her sister Margot were selected for forced labour in the concentration camp. At the end of October 1944, Anne and Margot Frank were deported with more than one thousand other women from Auschwitz to Bergen-Belsen. Like the other women, they had been selected for forced labour in the German Reich, but they remained in Bergen-Belsen. Margot Frank died of typhus and exhaustion just a few days before Anne in the inferno of Bergen-Belsen. Anne Frank was fifteen when she died in March 1945, and Margot Frank was nineteen. Their exact dates of death are not known.