The Camp

Situation in the camp when the British arrived

The Bergen-Belsen concentration camp was established in the spring of 1943. It was the first Nazi concentration camp to be set up solely for Jewish prisoners initially. These prisoners were to be exchanged for Germans interned abroad.

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Measures

British measures immediately after the liberation

The British soldiers were utterly unprepared for the inferno they encountered when they entered Bergen-Belsen on 15 April 1945.

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Criminal Trial

First criminal trial in Lüneburg

Five months after the liberation of Bergen-Belsen, the first trial of war criminals in Germany – known as the Belsen Trial – began in Lüneburg.

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Bergen-Belsen Memorial

The creation of the Bergen-Belsen Memorial

In October 1945, after the victims of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp had been buried in mass graves and the former prisoner huts had been burned down, the British military government instructed the German administration to redesign the site of the former camp and submit plans for a memorial.

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British presence

British presence at the garrison to the present day

After the liberation on 15 April 1945, the Bergen-Hohne troop training ground came under British command. Some of its buildings were used as an emergency hospital and as housing for displaced persons.

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Biographies
Anita Lasker-Wallfisch
Anita Lasker-Wallfisch
Rudolph Oppenheimer
Rudolph Oppenheimer
Stefan Hertz
Stefan Hertz
Armand Roux
Armand Roux
Anne Frank
Anne Frank
Willi Zimmt
Willi Zimmt
Irina Siekierzynska
Irina Siekierzynska
Otto Rosenberg
Otto Rosenberg
Wladimir Stepanowitsch Koshan
Wladimir Stepanowitsch Koshan
Places the queen visits
Jewish Memorial
Jewish Memorial
Obelisk and Inscription Wall
Obelisk and Inscription Wall
Mass Graves and Commemorative Signs
Mass Graves and Commemorative Signs
High Cross
High Cross